Each Chinese border war with India in 1962 and seized control of the region of Aksai Chin which is formerly part of the territory of India. Can it China is the only country currently still-contested border with most of its giiềng around.
India and China have just undergone stressful time at the Doklam plateau when the military forces of the two sides are deployed to protect his interests. This incident shows the persistent dispute a century of relations between New Delhi and Beijing, once the boom into a large fight in 1962 caused India suffered heavy casualties.
The China-India war in 1962 was a series of conflicts related to border disputes, related to the border between British India and the Tibet region was not clear delineation. Conference in Simla in British Governor Henry McMahon, 1913-1914 defines the boundary between India and Tibet as “the way McMahon” aims to extend British control of the region and create some buffer. The British and Tibetan representatives at the Conference through this boundary line but China refused to sign the agreement because of the affirmation from Tibet in his sovereignty and the way McMahon worthless.
The Arunachal Pradesh India in McMahon, but China treated this way is worthless. During the war, China occupied Arunachal Pradesh but after the victory, then retreated after the way McMahon. Arunachal Pradesh now under the control of India. Graphics: quoracdn
After India gained independence in 1947 and the people’s Republic of China was founded on October 1, 1949, the year the day boundary issues still not resolved. India continues to affirm its sovereignty as “the way McMahon”.
India and China maintain good relations in the years 1950. The Government of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru promoting the slogan “India and China are brothers” but also apply policy “toward” when deployed military outposts in the border areas soon after the Chinese control of Tibet in 1950. In the East, Indian troops set up outposts not only to the way McMahon which also goes beyond a few more it, despite repeated warnings from China. The two sides maintain forces in the disputed area. A few small tussle took place during this time.
While the interests of the two sides in the dispute were motivated by ethnic perspective, the Chinese also have practical purposes when the protection of wilderness areas and no residents. They want to protect the highway from Sichuan-Tibet, running near the border and is the main route to China shipping reinforcements for the Chinese people’s Liberation Army (PLA) in Tibet before the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway in 2006.
China and India are also disputed in Aksai Chin-wilderness and wide arid 38,000 km2, very few residents but is located in a strategic position between the three countries, Pakistan, India and China. China has built a military road through here to the years 1950 to link Tibet with Xinjiang. India objected to this path.
China also to reclaim an area of about 82,000 km2 in North-East India State Arunachal Pradesh is currently but China often called South Tibet.
Another factor affecting China’s decisions during the war with India was to stop a siege of the Soviet-American-Indian to isolate China. India’s relations with the Soviet Union and the United States have improved strongly in this period, China has calculated the time of Soviet missile crisis in sa in Cuba will not be able to intervene in the Sino-Indian war. In fact China has calculated exactly.
According to the Chinese side, the outbreak of the war was the cause of the Indian army invades the North of the McMahon (Chinese side). India also said that Chinese troops violated the Indian territory in the border region of Northeast, China wants to retaliate the India granted political asylum to the Dalai Lama.
Small skirmishes between the two sides took place in September and early October 10/1962 before exploding into war.
On 20 October the year 1962, the Chinese people’s Liberation Army (PLA) launched two attacks in two locations separated by 1000 km. In the East, the PLA sought to occupy the banks of the Namka Chu River, at the same time seeking to force India out of the Chip Chap Valley in Aksai Chin in the West.
Some conflicts also took place at the Nathula pass in Sikkim (in the region of India at the time). Chinese artillery fire hit the bullet and cut the telephone lines of the Indian defence forces, preventing contact with their headquarters.
After 4 days of fierce fighting, the three regiments of the Chinese army was successful in capturing a territory dispute. Because of the subjectivity that war will not happen, India very little force deployed in the area and meet with the deprivation of the logistics, making them suffer heavy losses.
Actually, neither party would declare war, use of force, or cutting diplomatic ties, but this conflict is often called the war.
The conflict continued into the middle of November, when the PLA in the eastern region to quickly defeat the 4 Division of India and penetrated into the town of Tezpur, Assam in North-Eastern border 50 km. To date, the 20/11 the Indian army in the resistance no longer disputes.
Due to logistical problems or political reasons, the PLA did not proceed further and on 21 November, they declared a unilateral cease-fire. China reported Aksai Chin was already in its management. In the northeast of China during the war occupied most of the area of Arunachal Pradesh, however, after declaring victory, they’ve retreated behind McMahon and returned prisoners of India in 1963.
The decision to declare a ceasefire of China still can because they want to avoid the intervention of the United States of America. On November 19, India asked u.s. support by the air force, the American carriers have also been ordered to hit the coast of India. After China announced a cease-fire, the new u.s. carriers left.
During the war, China has mobilized 80,000 army forces while India has 10,000-12,000 troops. India suffered heavy casualties, with 3,128 soldiers killed, more than 3,100 people arrested, 1,400-1,600 people injured. China has 1,460 soldiers killed and 569 people injured.
After the war ended, India’s Defense Minister has resigned, Prime Minister Nehru of India suffered heavy pressure and criticism. India were then reorganized the army to prepare for similar conflicts.