China today announced continued what more the army to the area of dispute between the country and Bhutan in the common border with India, and stressed will defend its sovereignty “at all cost”.
This is considered “tough” of the Chinese people’s Liberation Army (PLA) since the Indo-Chinese confrontation broke out more than a month ago in the area called Doklam.
The incident began when Chinese troops conducting road works at Doklam in mid-June, leaving India troops thwarted and Bhutan opposition “acts contrary to the bilateral agreement,” asked Beijing not to change the status quo.
In a special press conference before the event commemorating the 90 anniversary of the PLA, spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Defense, Colonel Wu Qian calls India’s intervention in this area is the Act of violating Chinese sovereignty.
“The Chinese Border Troops had made the emergency countermeasures in the region and will promote the work of military deployments and exercises,” said Wu Qian declared.
The same day, the Hindustan Times newspaper also quoted a spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry to dominate Continental insisted there will be no dialogue “quality” between national security advisor of India Ajit Doval and Commissioner of the State Council of China Yang Jiechi in BRICS Conference, takes place in Beijing on July 27-28.
Mr Green stressed the premise for all Indian-Chinese dialogue involving the main Doklam is India must withdraw troops to the border.
Three hand disputes in the Himalayas
The small Kingdom of Bhutan holds its strategic position in the confrontation between India and China over the Himalayan mountains.
At first glance, the Kingdom of Bhutan is seemingly peaceful a country the amount of weight on the international scene, with a population of more than 700,000 people in an area of 38,394 km2. However, due to its strategic location, the land on the Himalayan mountains are located in the heart of the tension between the two neighbors India and China.
At the heart of this conflict is the disputed territory. Between China and Bhutan we have 3 areas of dispute: both Jakarlung and Pasamlung valleys in the northern border of Bhutan and the Doklam plateau which Beijing called Wasted Motion in the East. Among them, the Doklam plateau by Bhutanese control is the area of China covet most, and Beijing’s sovereignty claims in the area between the border of three countries making India hugely disturbing. The reason is that from this plateau can control the Chumbi Valley of the Tibetan side and more importantly can control the corridor of Siliguri in India.
The dagger to the throat
Siliguri corridor is a narrow strip of land that connects the Northeastern States of India with the rest of the territory, often referred to as the “chicken neck” von. If the control is Doklam, a plateau when conflicts occur, China can isolate the entire States of North East India, including disputed areas of Arunachal Pradesh, by chopping off “chicken stock” Siliguri in the distance. Because of the strategic position of the Doklam in 1996, China had ever proposed to resolve territorial disputes with Bhutan by abandoning sovereignty 495 km2 in the Valley of Jakarlung and Pasamlung in Exchange for 269 km2 in this plateau. Fortunately for India as Bhutan was to repudiate the suggestion of China, from the special relations between New Delhi and Thimphu. In 1998, Bhutan and China signed an agreement committing to “maintain peace and stability” in the border areas of both countries although Beijing and Thimphu so far has yet to establish diplomatic relations.
In the past week, tensions broke out in the border areas between the three countries after India and Bhutan accuse China of building a road leading from the Chumbi Valley to the Doklam plateau. Under the strategic angle, India see this path as a dagger to his throat as the Siliguri corridor. Thus, although there is no formal Defense Treaty with Bhutan, India has deployed soldiers to stop China built the road in the Doklam plateau. This is also the “top of the line sets off the affair” for the harsh debate between Beijing and New Delhi the day after. China upset when India intervened on the issue between the country with Bhutan. Bhutan itself again sided with India when submitting the report China violated the peace deal on the border and asked Beijing to restore the status quo.
Tensions escalated when Chinese troops refused to allow Indian pilgrims to the sacred peaks of Kailash in Tibet through Nathu La in Sikkim connection gate with the Chinese autonomous region. The images pushing between Chinese and Indian soldiers on the border are also spread across the network. China confirms service shoved originates from the Indian soldiers prevented their road construction activities. After that, Chinese troops are said to be iron collapsed a old bunkers of India lies in the area between the border of three countries to retaliate.
The confrontation to date never showed signs of hypothermia. According to The Times of India, India and China each country has deployed about 3,000 soldiers to the area.
On June 29, the Indian Army Chief Bipin Rawat made her the 2 day in the Sikkim to monitor the situation. When the strain broke out in early August, General Rawat claimed the Indian army is currently available for “two and a half wars”, alluded to the two conflicts with Pakistan and China, and the handling of the unrest in the country.
On 30 June, the Chinese Defense Ministry has condemned remarks by General Rawat was “irresponsible”, warning New Delhi should “draw the lessons of history”, the reference to the war in 1962 between the two countries. And Indian Defence Minister Arun Jaitley away side Cannon: “the situation in 1962 and India in 2017 also other”.
Also on 30 June, the Indian Government launched the official reaction of the confrontation, said the country’s soldiers are coordinating with the military of Bhutan to prevent China built roads and “unilaterally changing the status quo”. However, the statement by the Indian Foreign Ministry confirmed the country’s “commitment to cooperate with China to find a peaceful solution for all the problems in the border area through dialogue”.
“The special relationship between India and Bhutan
India maintained the advantage for China in the Himalayas due to longstanding relationship with Bhutan. In 1949, the two countries signed a friendship treaty India-Bhutan, including government regulation terms of Bhutan will accept to give India the outlines of their foreign policy. By the year 2007, the Treaty was modified in Bhutan at the move from monarchy to constitutional monarchy and tyranny and terms mentioned above has been deleted. However, India is said to still plays a key role in the planning process of Bhutan’s foreign policy in the areas of sensitivity. In addition to diplomatic relations, India also is a partner of leading trade and economic as well as the generous sponsors of Bhutan.
On the contrary, not long after China was founded, the country has to publish the map depicts a large area in Bhutan as the “prehistoric territory of China”. In 1960, the Chinese leadership put out the statement: “the People of Bhutan, Ladakh and Sikkim people formed a joint family in Tibet. They always are of Tibetan people and the Chinese nation’s greatness. They must be unified again… “. (The Kingdom of Sikkim voluntarily annexed into India in 1975, becoming the 22nd State of the country, also is in the area of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir in India, is also the object of disputes with China). Bhutan has responded with claims of China by closing the border and sever all diplomatic relations since then.”