The conflict in the Holy Land of Jerusalem took place a thousand years with profound contradiction like no way deleted between Jews, Arab and Muslim.
Have important significance to both Jews, Christian and Muslims should from Biblical times, the time of the Roman Empire or of the crusade, Jerusalem was sacred ground of the dispute. To the modern period, this area was still the hot spots of conflict originating from the period of colonialism, socialism and national liberation of anti-Semitism. Photo: AP.
On 12/1917, 100 years ago, the British General Edmund Allenby took control of Jerusalem from the Ottoman Empire of Turkey. He entered the old city by walking through the Jaffa Gate, with respect for the status of Jerusalem. 3 decades later witnessed waves of Jews settled here with the thought of Jerusalem is home. Meanwhile, local Arab people dropped by the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled this place since 1517.
Palestinian prisoners in Jerusalem under British rule. The migration has left the Palestinians caused a number of serious riots, while Jews challenged British authority and ordered the immigration restrictions have been enacted in 1939. This led many Jews to Jerusalem to escape the Nazi genocide.
The British Government expelled Jewish immigrants from the city of Haifa in 1947. After the war, in 1947, the UN adopted the partition plan for the 2 State-one Jewish, one Arab, with Jerusalem to be administered by the “special international regime” due to its unique status.
David Ben-Gurion reading Israel’s Declaration of independence on July 14/5/1948 in Tel Aviv. The Arab people rejected the plan. A day after Israel declared independence, the Arab masses to attack the nascent Israel and himself a failure.
Many Arab and Jews had to relocate accommodation. Jerusalem is divided: the Western half became part of the State of Israel and in 1950 became the capital under Israeli law through, while the eastern half , including the old city, managed by Jordan.
Clearly define events for the conflict around Jerusalem is Arab-Israeli war in 1967. Israel has not only defeated the Arab armies that also seized control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, as well as the Golan Heights from Syria. Photo: Magnum Photos.
The wall dividing East and West Jerusalem, in 1967. The victory of the right-wing Likud party in 1977 had consolidated the belief for the Israelis that Jerusalem is an integral part of Jewish identity. The role of Jerusalem for Jewish history are emphasized in the military parade and the curriculum. In 1980, the Israeli legislators passed a bill declaring “Jerusalem, complete and United, is the capital of Israel”. This step makes the international community outrage. Photo: Magnum Photos.
A clash between Israelis and Palestinians in Jerusalem in 1993. The Oslo peace accords in 1993 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization recognized as the Palestinian Authority has control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip but delay a decision on the core issues: borders, refugees and the status of Jerusalem.
Clash continues. In 2000, a visit to al-Aqsa Mosque in the old city of Jerusalem by Ariel Sharon, the opposition leader and later Prime Minister of Israel, has offended the Palestinians and caused violent conflicts lasted 5 years , taking the lives of about 3,000 Palestinians and 1,000 Israelis.
The scene after a suicide bombing in Jerusalem in 2001. Israel’s sovereignty with Jerusalem still has never been acknowledged by the international community.
Israeli soldiers prevented the Palestinian people on the West Coast, in 2016. After 6 months of delay, President Donald Trump in this week will make the decision about moving the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. This commitment to Israel’s Washington, but also can cause a wave of new violence in the region.
Video: the Holy Land of thousand years of conflict